What Makes Plaque So Dangerous?

dental plaque

Do you know that bacterial plaque is the major cause of most dental diseases? That is why it is so important to remove the plaque from your teeth daily.

Plaque is a white sticky film that builds up on the teeth every 24 hours.  Plaque buildup can be removed by regular brushing and flossing.

Effects of Plaque on your Teeth

1. Decalcification

The first effect of plaque on your teeth is decalcification. This is where the minerals in the teeth dissipate creating white chalky spots on the outer layer of the tooth – the enamel. Decalcified areas can be rectified with the application of fluoride.

2. Tooth Decay

To get a cavity, you need three things. A tooth, bacteria, and sugar. The bacteria and sugar mix to form an acid. The acid can penetrate through the enamel into the second layer of the tooth – the dentin. Dentin is much softer than the outer enamel and cavities can spread rapidly if not treated. Usually, a simple filling is all that is necessary to treat decayed teeth.  

3. Dental Abscess

However, if the cavity is left untreated, the decay can spread into the nerve chamber of the tooth. Once this occurs, an abscess frequently forms. An abscess may cause pain, redness and swollen gums. When the decay advances to the nerve of the tooth, it can become quite painful. The tooth then needs a nerve treatment as soon as possible.

3. Gum Disease

Accumulation of plaque causes the formation of tartar. Tartar makes your teeth look yellow. It also makes your breath smell bad. If left untreated, it contributes to gum diseases such as gingivitis or periodontal disease.  Brushing and flossing will not remove tartar. You need to see your dentist or dental hygienist to remove the tartar and learn how to get the gum disease under control.

5. Loose Teeth

Your teeth are held in your jaw with bone. Gum disease destroys the bone. When enough bone is gone, the teeth will become loose. Gum disease is the number one cause of tooth loss.

How to Get Rid of Plaque?

They say that prevention is better than cure. Hence it is necessary that you try to avoid the buildup of plaque on your teeth. Brushing using good fluoride toothpaste will help. Flossing will remove food particles stuck between your teeth and put you at a lower risk of developing plaque.

If you have a buildup of plaque and tartar on your teeth then you need to visit your dentist. Only your dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar from your teeth. If you need more help on this topic, we have got everything sorted for you. Please click here to get connected to our panel of experts.

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